treatment of foot and ankle problems

Common Problems

This section offers a comprehensive overview of the most common conditions affecting the foot and ankle. Click on the list of conditions below for an introduction and to download a complimentary information sheet.

Sheet 02 Achilles Insertional Tendonitis

Download

The Achilles tendon attaches to the heel bone (the calcaneus) over a very broad area.

Sheet 11 Achilles Rupture (Chronic)

Download

Rupture or tearing of the Achilles tendon is a common condition and typically occurs in an individual who undertakes sporting activity to which they are unaccustomed.

Sheet 01 Achilles Tendon Rupture

Download

Rupture or tearing of the Achilles tendon is a common condition and typically occurs in an individual who undertakes sporting activity to which they are unaccustomed.

Sheet 02 Achilles Tendonitis

Download

These problems usually present as pain and often swelling in one of two areas of the tendon - either the region where the Achilles attaches to the heel bone (insertional tendonitis) or, in the middle of the tendon (mid-substance tendonitis).The first step is to establish where the problem lies in the course of the tendon,which part of the tendon anatomy is involved and then to look for a cause and obviously tailor treatment to these factors.The diagnosis may be assisted by imaging such as xrays, ultrasound examination or MRI.

Sheet 04 Ankle Instability

Download

The ligaments that stabilize the ankle can be divided into three main groups. The outer (lateral) ligaments are most commonly injured. An ankle “sprain” generally means that these outer ligaments have been injured although all 3 three sets of ligaments can be injured depending upon the type of sprain injury (determined by the position of the ankle when twisted and in which direction it is twisted and with how much force).

Sheet 06 Arthritis in the Foot & Ankle

Download

Arthritis is a process which results in damage to the normally smooth articulating surfaces of a joint, resulting in pain, stiffness and often swelling.Arthritis damages the highly specialized cartilage which lines the end of bones allowing smooth joint movement.

Sheet 08 Arthroscopy in the Treatment of Sports Injuries

Download

Although “keyhole” surgery in its most rudimentary form can be traced back to about 1800, it did not progress much until the invention of the small light bulb 100 years later and was initially used to look at the bladder.

Sheet 10 Bunions

Download

The term bunion refers to a lump or prominence on the side of the big toe joint. When this occurs, the big toe also tends to lean towards the second toe. The medical term for this condition is Hallux valgus.

Sheet 12 Heel Fracture

Download

Fractures of the calcaneus (heel bone) can be very debilitating injuries. When the heel bone is fractured (broken), it is usually caused by tremendous forces impacting on the heel such as with falls from a height, or motor vehicle accidents. You can imagine what happens if you stand on an orange, and this is in effect what happens to the calcaneus in such injuries. The calcaneus is essentially squashed flat, tilts inwards and widens.

Sheet 15 Lesser Toe Problems

Download

Surgery to the lesser toes is usually carried out due to painful deformities that have not been successfully been treated with other methods such as toe moulds, toe socks or shoe modification.

Sheet 16 Metatarsalgia

Download

Literally, “metatarsalgia” means pain in the metatarsals of the foot. Usually the term is used to describe pain in the ball of the forefoot.

Sheet 20 Morton's Neuroma

Download

A Morton's neuroma may cause pain and numbness in the toes and forefoot and most commonly occurs between the 3rd / 4th toes (80%) or the 2nd / 3rd toes (20%). It is due to compression of the nerve between the 'knuckles' of the foot. Gradually, the nerve becomes thickened producing a nodule or 'neuroma'. Commonly the patient will have undergone a steroid injection and possibly been provided with custom insoles before being considered for surgery.

Sheet 21 Plantar Fasciitis

Download

Plantar fasciitis is very common and is an inflammation of the plantar fascia causing pain in the heel. The plantar fascia is a thick fibrous band of tissue in the sole of the foot. It is attached to the heel bone (calcaneum) and fans out as it passes forwards towards the toes (attaching to the bases of the toes).

consultation xray